ALEKSANDROW LODZKI


ALEKSANDROW LODZKI
ALEKSANDROW LODZKI, town in central Poland, founded in 1818. The first Jewish residents were under the jurisdiction of the Lutomiersk kahal, but an independent community was established in 1830 by Jews who came from Lutomiersk. In 1826 the governor of the Polish Congress Kingdom granted the community a privilege permitting them to reside and acquire property in specified areas of the town. The Jewish population of Aleksandrow Lodzki numbered around 1,000 in the 1850s; 1,673 (27.9% of the total population) in 1879; 3,061 (24.1%) in 1909; and 2,635 (31.9%) in 1921. -Holocaust Period In 1939 there were 3,500 Jews in Aleksandrow, comprising one-third of the total population. The German army occupied the town on Sept. 7, 1939, and on the following day set the main synagogue afire and forced the Jews to burn the Torah scrolls which were found in private homes. There were several cases of kiddush ha-Shem when Jews sacrificed their lives while trying to save the sacred books. Kidnapping of Jews in the streets, open robbery, and the imposition of ever higher ransoms continued until the end of 1939. In this period the famous "court" of the Aleksandrow zaddik (Danziger) was liquidated. All Jews of Aleksandrow were expelled to Glowno (in the Generalgouvernement) on Dec. 27, 1939. Some of them remained there and the others were deported to other towns of the Generalgouvernement. The Jewish cemetery of Aleksandrow was plowed up and turned into a park. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Aleksander (al-yad Lodz) (1968), memorial book in Heb. and Yid.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aleksandrow Lodzki — Aleksandrów Łódzki …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aleksandrow Lodzki — Aleksandrów Łódzki Aleksandrów Łódzki       …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aleksandrow Lodzki — Original name in latin Aleksandrw dzki Name in other language Aleksandrov Lodzki, Aleksandrova Ludzka, Aleksandrow, Aleksandrow Lodzki, Aleksandruv Lodz kij, Aleksandruv Lodzinskij, Aleksandrw, Aleksandrw dzki, luo zi de qu ya li shan de lu fu,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Aleksandrów Łódzki — Aleksandrów Łódzki …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aleksandrow Łodzki — Aleksandrów Łódzki Aleksandrów Łódzki       …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ALEKSANDROW — (Danziger), influential dynasty of ḥasidic rabbis in Poland active from the second half of the 19th century   (see Ḥasidism ). Their court was at aleksandrow lodzki (Yid. Alexander), a small town near Lodz. In contrast to the Ḥasidim of Góra… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Aleksandrów Łódzki — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aleksandrów Łódzki — Infobox Settlement name = Aleksandrów Łódzki imagesize = 250px image caption = Weaver houses from 19th century image shield = POL Aleksandrów Łódzki COA.svg pushpin pushpin label position = bottom subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL …   Wikipedia

  • Gmina Aleksandrów Łódzki — Infobox Settlement name = Gmina Aleksandrów Łódzki other name = Aleksandrów Łódzki Commune settlement type = Gmina total type = Total image shield = POL Aleksandrów Łódzki COA.svg subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • Chanokh Heynekh HaKohen Levin — Rebbe Reb Heynekh of Aleksander Term June, 1866 – 21 March 1870 Full name Chanokh Heynekh Lewin Main work Chashovoh leToivo Born 1798 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.